PROBLEMS OF BROILERS FARMING: CAUSES, AND SOLUTION IN POULTRY FARMING
PROBLEM – High early mortality (greater than 1% in the first week)
1 – Incorrect brooding ( high temperature, low temperatures, etc)
2 – Disease
3 – Poor Appetite
4 – birds getting tired due to delay in transportation.
1 – Re-adjust brooder temperature, use the temperature ranges shown on the temperature chart.
3 – Check water consumption, check the height of waterers or drinkers, position drinkers away from heat source, Check calcium, phosphorous, and vitamin D levels in the diet, Use light programs to increase bird activity. Mix Active D in feed at a ratio of 1kg per tonne of feed.
3 – Measure and achieve target crop fill levels, check feed availability (amount & space). You can increase feed consumption and appetite by Adding MAXIYIELD or VITAFLASH in water for the first 5 days. it improves appetite, reduces mortality, improves growth and immunity.
PROBLEM – High mortality (after 7 days)
1 – Metabolic disease (ascites, sudden death syndrome)
2 – Infectious diseases ( colibacilosis, coccidiosis, etc
3 – Leg problems.
1 – Check ventilation rates, open up tarplins for 2 hours for chicks to get fresh air, check feed formulation, avoid excessive early growth rates.
2 – Establish cause (post-mortem), take veterinary advice.
Bloody and brown droppings are a sign of coccidiosis.
Black diarrhea and pasted vents is a sign of collibacilosis.
3 – Check water consumption, Check calcium, phosphorous, and vitamin D levels in diet, Use light programs to increase bird activity
PROBLEM – Poor early growth and uniformity
1 – Nutrition
2 – Environmental conditions
3 – Appetite
4 – Disease
5- inadequate feeds or drinkers.
6- inadequate feed
7- poor quality chicks.
1 – Check starter ration (availability, nutritional and physical quality)in this case use only SUPER STARTER PELLETS for the first 7 days, Check water supply (availability and quality)
2 – Check temperature and humidity profiles, Check day-length, Check air quality (C02, dust, minimum ventilation rate)
3 – Check poor stimulation of appetite (low proportion of birds with full crops)
4 – Post-mortem on dead chicks, take veterinary advice
- improve spacing weekly.
- correct feeder to birds ratio.
-correct drinker to birds ratio.
-increase feed quantity every week.
PROBLEM – Poor late growth and uniformity
1 – Low nutrient intake
2 – Infectious disease
3 – Environmental conditions
1 – Check feed nutritional and physical quality and formulation, Check feed intake and accessibility, Excessive early restriction, Lighting program too restrictive
2 – Establish cause (post mortem), take veterinary advice
3 – Check ventilation rates, Check stocking density, Check house temperatures, Check water and feed availability, Check feeder and drinker space
To be continued.